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Real-time monitoring of proteins in the nuclear pore complex

ScienceDaily.com: Nanotechnology News - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 19:39
Researchers report on a high-speed atomic-force microscopy study of protein filaments in the nuclear pore complex. The visualization in real-time of the filaments' dynamics is an important step in our understanding of molecular transport mechanisms between a cell nucleus and its surrounding medium.
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Cell 'membrane on a chip' could speed up screening of drug candidates for COVID-19

ScienceDaily.com: Nanotechnology News - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 19:39
Researchers have developed a human cell 'membrane on a chip' that allows continuous monitoring of how drugs and infectious agents interact with our cells, and may soon be used to test potential drug candidates for COVID-19.
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2D semiconductors found to be close-to-ideal fractional quantum hall platform

ScienceDaily.com: Nanotechnology News - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 19:39
Researchers report that they have observed a quantum fluid known as the fractional quantum Hall states (FQHS), one of the most delicate phases of matter, for the first time in a monolayer 2D semiconductor. Their findings demonstrate the excellent intrinsic quality of 2D semiconductors and establish them as a unique test platform for future applications in quantum computing.
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Electrically focus-tuneable ultrathin lens for high-resolution square subpixels

NanoWerk.com - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 18:58
Researchers have invented an electrically focus-tunable, graphene-based ultrathin subpixel square lens device that demonstrates excellent focusing performance.
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A highly effective and safe nanocrystal to combat dangers of radiation

NanoWerk.com - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 18:48
Inducing surface strain to CeO2/Mn3O4 heterostructured nanocrystals can enhance antioxidant properties.
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2D semiconductors found to be close-to-ideal fractional quantum hall platform

NanoWerk.com - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 18:33
Researchers discover a quantum fluid - fractional quantum Hall states, one of the most delicate phases of matter - in a monolayer 2D semiconductor; finding could provide a unique test platform for future applications in quantum computing.
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A new way towards super-fast motion of vortices in superconductors discovered

ScienceDaily.com: Nanotechnology News - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 18:08
An international team of scientists has found a new superconducting system in which magnetic flux quanta can move at velocities of 10-15 km/s. This opens access to investigations of the rich physics of non-equilibrium collective systems and renders a direct-write Nb-C superconductor as a candidate material for single-photon detectors.
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New insights into van der Waals materials

NanoWerk.com - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 17:20
Scientists provide new insights into the interactions of layered materials with laser and electron beams.
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Fast-charging and high-capacity nanomesh-based cathodes for Li-ion batteries

NanoWerk.com - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 17:07
The concept of nanostructuring of battery electrodes is not new; it has been frequently employed to improve the charging speed and, in some cases, stability of Li-ion electrodes. Researchers now demonstrated 3D-interconnected Ni nanowire meshes as current collectors and structural scaffolds for building nanostructured Li-ion electrodes. This material exhibits a semi-ordered structure and is characterized by some of the highest combined porosity and surface-to-volume ratio among macroporous metals.
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Cell 'membrane on a chip' could speed up screening of drug candidates for COVID-19

NanoWerk.com - Mon, 07/06/2020 - 11:14
Researchers have developed a human cell 'membrane on a chip' that allows continuous monitoring of how drugs and infectious agents interact with our cells, and may soon be used to test potential drug candidates for COVID-19.
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Researchers propose novel method for plasmonic structural color generation

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 17:48
Researchers have developed a novel direct growth method of vertically orientated nanocavity arrays to generate plasmonic structural colors, which feature wide gamut, improved color saturation, excellent stability in ambient condition and mass-production scalability.
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Enhancing the performance of perovskite solar cells with 'graphene armor'

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 17:40
Researchers have come up with a novel electrode that could greatly improve the stability of perovskite solar cells, the most promising candidate for the next generation solar cells due to their low cost and high power conversion efficiency.
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Ultrathin boron nitride films for next-generation electronics

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 17:29
Researchers have unveiled a novel material that could enable major leaps in the miniaturization of electronic devices.
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New nano-engineering strategy shows potential for improved advanced energy storage

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 13:44
Researchers using a strategy called strain-engineering in 2D materials now say new types of cathodes, suitable for advanced energy storage, can be developed using beyond-lithium ion batteries.
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Microscopic structures could further improve perovskite solar cells

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 13:33
Scientists have found microscopic structures in perovskite crystals that can guide the charge transport in the solar cell. Clever alignment of these electron highways could make perovskite solar cells even more powerful.
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How to get rid of the coffee-stain effect

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 13:24
Previously, researchers discovered that the well-known coffee-stain effect is caused by a remarkable mechanism, showing avalanche-like behavior of particles in a fluid. They now show how to prevent the ring-shaped coffee-stain and get a uniform distribution of the particles instead.
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Harvesting hydrogen from nanogardens

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 10:40
Easily produced, nature-like nanostructures of cobalt phosphide are highly effective catalysts for the electrolysis of water.
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The superiority of single-layer molybdenum disulfide for water desalination

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 10:25
Researchers show that a nanoporous MoS2 membrane allows a higher water flux compared with other 2D materials such as graphene, boron nitride and phosphorene. The team dug deeply into the physical reasons behind why MoS2 performed better than other two-dimensional materials in water desalination processes. Through molecular dynamics simulation, they found out that water density near a MoS2 membrane is lower compared to that near other materials, which indicates that water molecules were more likely to transport through the membrane instead of accumulating around it.
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Towards lasers powerful enough to investigate a new kind of physics

NanoWerk.com - Fri, 07/03/2020 - 08:56
An international team of researchers has demonstrated an innovative technique for increasing the intensity of lasers. This approach, based on the compression of light pulses, would make it possible to reach a threshold intensity for a new type of physics that has never been explored before: quantum electrodynamics phenomena.
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Tiny mineral particles are better vehicles for promising gene therapy

NanoWerk.com - Thu, 07/02/2020 - 20:16
Researchers have developed a safer and more efficient way to deliver a promising new method for treating cancer and liver disorders and for vaccination -- including a COVID-19 vaccine.
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